Sitting on a 13, 747 square kilometres of the former Tatu Deserts, Tsavo East is the oldest and most prominent part of the Tsavo Conservancy. It became famous in the early 1890s as home to the man-eating lions who treated the Mombasa- Kampala railway workers as a new food source. The Tsavo plains were also the setting of First World War colonial supremacy in East Africa between Britain and Germany. Yet despite its dark beginnings, the palm-shades Galana River, Yatta Plateau, the longest lava flow in the world, and hundreds of animal species make this one of the most evocative wild parks in Africa.
The park is named after the Tsavo River, and borders the Chyulu Hills National Park and Mkomazi Game Reserve in Tanzania. Most of the area consists of open savanna and grasslands, upon which the palmed river Galana River flows. One of the richest biodiversity strongholds in the world, Tsavo East’s popularity can be attributed to the vast wildlife collection present here including famous big five (lion, leopard, elephant, black rhino and Cape buffalo), plains zebra, velvet monkey, waterbuck, different species of mongoose and more. The park is also home to a variety of bird species including lovebirds, crowned crane, black kite and sacred ibis.
- Yatta Plateau _ a 300 Km Lava flow formed from the volcanic explosion of Ol-Doinyo Sabuk Mountain. Known to be the longest lava flow in the world, the Plateau runs along the western boundary of the park, above River Athi.
- Mudanda Rock_ this is a 1.6Km inselberg of rock that has a dam below it. Provide a crucial water catchment area for wildlife during the dry season.
- Lugard Falls _ named after Sir. Frederick Lugard, a British soldier and an explorer of Africa, these comprise of a series of water rapids formed in River Galana.
- Aruba Dam_ this is a man-made reservoir built-in 1952 across River Voi. It attracts thousands of animals and water birds every year.